In breast reduction surgery, large breast size in women can be quite problematic and linked with certain health issues like difficulty in sleeping, get fitting fit into bras and normal clothes, hesitation due to physical appearance, permanent bra strap pressure on shoulders that form deep grooves, skin rashes under the breasts, restricted activities performance, and pain in shoulders. To resolve the above issues, breast reduction surgery is performed in women who have large breasts. Women usually have lots of queries regarding what is the right time to undergo surgery, what are the risks involved, how fruitful are the results, etc. In this blog, I have tried my best to encapsulate the answers to common queries. Breast Reduction Surgery in India According to the doctors, you can undergo breast reduction surgery in India at any age (teenage or adulthood) but it’s better recommended after the full development of the breast. Other than this, surgery complications can be avoided if it is performed post-pregnancy (as changes occur in the breast tissues during lactation). Risks involved Similar to other surgeries, there are risks like allergies, bleeding, and other adverse effects like: Distinct size on both sides Difficulties in breastfeeding Scarring Numbness in and around the nipples Although you see positive results post-surgery, it might take months to completely bring down the swelling and fading of the scars. Procedure followed During the pre-surgery procedure, the doctor would perform certain checkups and examinations. The medical history background check Discussion about your result expectations. Discussion about the risks involved, recovery time, and results. Measure the breast size Examine the type of anesthesia required Perform certain lab tests Undergo baseline Mammogram The patient needs to cut off from drugs, smoking, and certain medications (as prescribed by the doctor). For different patients, breast surgery techniques may vary. In some, an incision is drafted around the areola and under the breast to remove the extra breast tissues, fat, and skin. While in others (who have droopy breasts), the nipple and areola both are removed and then reattached as a skin graft at a higher position. Safety and care: Due care is mandatory post-surgery to avoid spreading of infection, swelling, excessive bleeding, and scarring. For safety reasons, we have to follow the below-mentioned precautions. Regular intake of medications and antibiotics to avoid the spread of infection Place a drainage tube under the arms to drain the excess fluid & blood Cover your treated site with gauze bandage and dressing. Wear compression cloth to avoid swelling Limit physical activities for a month Take follow-up visits
The condition of enlarged breasts (gynecomastia) is common among boys and men. The breasts become abnormally large and swollen due to the development of breast glands in men which generally are tiny and inactive. The condition of breast enlargement may affect the newborns, the boys during puberty stage or elderly men. According to reports, 10%-20% of gynecomastia occurs due to the use of certain medicines and unverified herbal products. Sometimes, there can be an uneven breast growth on either side that can leads to physical embarrassment. The swollen breasts are not built up due to the deposition of fatty tissues, therefore cannot be treated with exercise and diet. In more than 90% of cases, gynecomastia gets treated on its own within a few weeks to 3 years time span. But, if it persists longer, there are treatments through surgery and medications. Causes of Gynecomastia There are a number of factors that lead to gynecomastia but the most common reason is hormonal imbalance. It occurs due to abnormal development of estrogens in men (which generally are recessive/inactive). The other determining factors can be as follows: Intake of drugs and alcohol Laser treatment of testicles Certain liver and kidney diseases Tumors of testes, pituitary gland or adrenal Intake of certain medicines (mentioned below) Medications that can lead to gynecomastia are: Tricyclic anti-depressants Certain HIV medicines Chemotherapy Anabolic steroids and anti-androgens Ulcer medicines Use of herbal shampoos and soaps Tea-tree oil and lavender oil Antibiotics Cancer treatment Health conditions that can lead to gynecomastia: Ageing Malnutrition Tumors Liver failure Starvation Hypogonadism Symptoms There are visible symptoms of gynecomastia. Swollen breasts tissues Pain in breast Breast tenderness Nipple discharge How can you prevent these symptoms?’ Studies say that 25% of reasons for gynecomastia occurrence are not known but others suggest to: Avoid drugs and alcohol Review your medicines before use Diagnosis of Gynecomastia For the diagnosis, you will be asked about the symptoms, family’s medical history, drug & alcohol history. In case of hormonal imbalance, the doctor would advise you to let it cure naturally but the occurrence of cysts, lumps, and tenderness are recommended to be checked through a biopsy to rule out the possibility of breast cancer. You will also be required to take blood tests and certain imaging tests (mammograms, MRI scans, chest X-ray, ultrasound for testicles). Treatment: In more than 90% of cases, gynecomastia goes away on its own. For abnormal cases of tenderness and lump formation, medication is prescribed. Surgical treatment is very rare but the options are breast reduction surgery or hormone therapy to block the development of estrogens. There are a number of qualified surgeons that get you treated through a reasonable gynecomastia surgery cost in India. Wrapping up: Gynecomastia is not a serious issue and its treatment is also simple and sure. It is not connected to any serious condition or disease but in rare cases, an abnormal buildup of gynecomastia can lead to the risk of breast cancer in men.